Diseases in winter
Diseases in winter
Deputy Dean of Public Relations and Special Affairs,
It is undoubtedly that most people like to have winter last for a couple of months in
Heart attack spikes in winter morning
Studies from the
Influenza (flu) is the most common disease that generally spreads in winter. The reason why the influenza outbreak occurs seasonally rather than uniformly throughout the year remains unclear. It is a contagious disease caused by RNA virus. The name comes from the old medical belief in unfavorable astrological influences as the cause of the disease. There are 3 types of virus: A, B, and C. The B and C viruses infect only in human whereas the virus A can infect mammals ( humans, pigs, horses) and birds and is most likely to cause endemics or pandemics. This is because the influenza A virus can undergo antigenic shift and present a new immune target to susceptible people. The influenza virus forms with 2 essential viral proteins (haemagglutinin and neuraminidase). Thus one might speak of H1N1 or H3N2 viral strains for instance.
The virus attacks the respiratory tract, is transmitted from person to person by droplets from cough or sneezing. The incubation period is about 1-3 days before the symptoms occur. When people get flu, it is not just getting a common cold. Even though both flu and common cold may be associated with cough and running nose, but severe muscle aches, high fever, headache, sore throat, and sudden onset of symptoms may be more common with influenza. People may get a lot sicker and that need to be out of work to stay in bed or hospitalized for a week. However most people will recover in one or two weeks, but few develop life- threatening complications such as pneumonia and heart problems. According to Dr. Weerasak Muangpaisan, Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, there were about 20,000 to 50,000 Thai people per year affected by the flu with only less than 10 cases died from the disease and most of them are elderly.
There are many factors concerning the severity of the disease that vary each year. In some part of
Vaccination is the key to flu-free winter as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in
Hypothermia is a lowering of the core body temperature (37°C). Elderly and those with chronic diseases and bed ridden are prone to have a hypothermic condition when exposed to cold and wind without enough towel and cloth. If the temperature drops too low (below 30°C), one will lose consciousness. Shivering is the first sign followed by loss of coordination, mental confusion, blue skin, weak pulse, irregular heart beat, coma and death. However, keeping the body warm by setting fire should be aware of all time that it may cause fire and burn oneself.
No drug, no drink when drive
For your joyful new- year holiday, remember that traffic accidents occur most frequent during this period. To protect yourself and other decent people from accident, please drive with care and conscious, stay away from drugs and drink.
Lastly, all the staff members of